(Kazuko Urushibara-Yoshino Japan)

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The ?business meetings of IGCP 299 "Geology , Climate , Hydrology and ?Karst Formation" held at Guilin , Guangxi , China during the field seminar from July 7 to Aug. 1st?, ?1991 , agreed upon the establishment of new ?sub-group ?on ?"Soil Formation ?in ?Karst ?Areas", which has been proposed ?by ?Kazuko ?Urushibara-Yoshino, Japan, and David Gillieson, Australia.
The aims of the new sub-group are as follows:
(1) ?Estimation ?of ?the ?age of paleo-soils in ?karst ?areas ?using ?iron crystalinities.
(2) The classification of paleo-soils which are estimated the ages by (1), and their comparison of properties in the karst areas.
(3) Study on human activities on the soil formation in the karst areas.
For the classification of soils for (2), mainly the methods of ?FAO/UNESCO and ?Soil Taxonomy will be used. If it is necessary, we have to use the other methods.

Organization of subgroup "Soil Formation in Karst Areas"

Leader: Kazuko URUSHIBARA-YOSHINO
Department of Natural Sciences
Komazawa University
Komazawa 1-23-1, Setagayaku, Tokyo, 154, Japan
Tel:81-3-3418-9325, Fax:81-3-3418-9126

Sub-Leader: David GILLIESON
Department of Geography
Australian Defence Force Academy
Campbell, ACT2600, Australia
Tel:62-68-8312, Fax:62-47-0702

Members: Yuan Daoxian
Institute of Karst Geology
Guilin, Guangxi , China 541004
Tel:86-773-445151 ext.296,540, Fax:86-773-443708

Ivan GAMS
Department of Geography
University Edvarda Kardelja of Ljubljana
Askerceva 12/II, 61000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Tel:38-61-332611

Ugo SAURO
Department of Geography
Padova University
Via del Santo 26, Padova, Italy
Tel:39-49-8756333, Fax:39-49-8754213

Worosuprojo SURATMA
Faculty of Geography
Gadjah Mada University
Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Tel:62-274-88688 ext.261

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WORLD KARST MAP

Denes Balazs (Hungary)

The ?Hungarian group of IGCP 299 is working on a world-wide ?inventary of karst areas and caves. It was compiled a form for obtaining numerical data of karst regions and caves of different types and was sent about 80 countries and karst researchers.
Obtaining data from smaller developed countries is relatively easy. ?There are problems with the big "karst empires" as the United States and the ?Soviet Union. In the US there is no central bureau of karst research , the data are in hands of different individuals , universities , and hundreds of ?local caving group of enthusiasts organized in "grottoes". But we got a valuable assistance from Prof . William B ,White , Pennsylvania State University , participant in ?IGCP 299 , ?who organized also a working group from various parts of United ?States , and ?we hope , that the karst and caves inventary for US will be ready in ?this year ?by help of the National Speleological Society. In the Soviet ?Union the problems ?are similar , here we asked Prof.. K.A.Gorbunova , Perm University , ?and Prof. V. N Dublyansky , ?president ?of ?Karst ?Committee , ?Ukrainian ?Academy ?of Sciences , ?also participants of IGCP 299 , for mediation between the ?different?karst ?institutions ?and researchers in the USSR. The ?third ?biggest ?"karst-empire" is China , but we got already the necessary informations from Prof. Yuan Daoxian , the Institute of Karst Geology , Guilin. In these 3 countries are ?the 55% of the world karst areas.
Before completing our karst data bank, we publish the questionary asking anybody to ?help our work. In spite of our repeated request we ?did ?not ?get answer ?from ?the following countries: Albania , Algeria , ?Australia , Belgium, Bolivia , Brazil , Burma, Colombia , Czechoslovakia , Denmark , Germany , Greece , Guatemalam, Iran,Libya, Morocco , New Zealand ,Pakistan ,Poland ,Tunisia ,Venezuela. Anybody are familiar with the karst areas of the ?above ?mentioned countries , are requested with grateful respects to help us with ?informations.?
Please contact: Dr.Denes Balazs, H-2030, Erd, Sard utca 45, Hungary.
Many thanks for the helpful assistance.

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Qestionary ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Country :..…....…....…..

1. Naked (bare) carbonate karst (limestone , dolomite ) ??????????????????????????? ..…..km2?
2. Covered carbonate karst (cover less than 50m ), if available ??????????????? ..…..km2
3. Buried carbonate karst (cover more than 50m ), if available ???????????????? ..…..km2
4. Know caves (by local people )in carbonate rocks ,?
approximate number ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ..…..km2?
5. Survey (mapped) caves of No. 4 , (a ) number of caves
(b) total length ( horizontal + vertical ) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ..…..km2?
6. Area of salt ( halite ) karst ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ..…..km2
7. Area of gypsum (calcium sulfate ) karst ????????????????????????????????????????????????? ..…..km2?
8. Surveyed ( mappd ) caves in gypsum karst (a) number ,
(b) total length ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ..…..km2?
9. Surveyed ( mappd ) caves in volcanic karst (a) number ,
(b) total length ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ..…..km2?
10.The most important contiguous carbonate karst areas (region ) of the country :

geographical name??? area ( km2?)?? age of rock ???? main type#?????? number of known caves?
………………… ??????????? …………. ???? ………… ?????? ………… ???????????? ……………………… ?????
………………… ??????????? …………. ???? ………… ?????? ………… ???????????? ……………………… ?????
………………… ??????????? …………. ???? ………… ?????? ………… ???????????? ……………………… ?????
………………… ??????????? …………. ???? ………… ?????? ………… ???????????? ……………………… ?????
………………… ??????????? …………. ???? ………… ?????? ………… ???????????? ……………………… ?????
………………… ??????????? …………. ???? ………… ?????? ………… ???????????? ……………………… ?????
………………… ??????????? …………. ???? ………… ?????? ………… ???????????? ……………………… ??????

# 1. lowland , 2. middle mountaineous , 3. high mountain , 4. low plateau , 5. high plateau , 6. other ( please specify ) .

Data supplier is requested to enclose a map of country with the geogrphical distribution of karst areas , if available .

Date ……………………. ??????????????????????????????????????????? data supplier ………………………….

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????????????????????????????? 1 ?????????? 2 ???????? 3 ???????? 4 ??????? 5??????? 6 ????? 7?????? 8 ?????????????????? 9

EuROPA/EUROPE
Ausztria/Austria?????????? 88854 ?? 14810???? 16.7?? 9500 ???? 1200#?? 126??? 0.64 ??? 81?? F.Bauer , J.zotl , D.Balázs
Bulgária/Bulgaria??????? 110912? 25170 ???? 22.7?? 8000???? 1200#?? 150??? 0.31??? 48?? M.Markowicz et al.?
Franciaország/France? 547026? 80000#?? 14.6 ?? 28000?? 3200#?? 114??? 0.35 ?? 40?? C.Chabert , D.Balázs
Irország/Ireland????????? 70283 ???? 1000??????? 1.4 ???? 650??????? 30 ???????? 46???? 0.65 ?? 30?? T.Fogg
Jugoszlávia/ ????????????????? 255804 ? 72470???? 28.0?? 20000?? 1800#??? 90???? 0.28?? 25??? I.Gams, A.Kranic,?
Yugoslavia ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? D.Gavrivolic
Magyarország/ ???????????? 93032 ???? 1400?????? 1.5 ????? 2600?????? 220#???? 85??? 1.85?? 157? T.K.Bolner , D.Balázs
Hungary
Naby-Britannia/?????????? 244046 ? 155201???? 6.4????? 2710 ???? 632???? 233?? 0.17 ??? 41??? M.Sweeting , Hardwick
Great Britain
Olaszorzág/Italy????????? 301252 ?? 51000????? 16.9?? 22500? 4850#??? 216?? 0.41?? 91???? P.Forti , F.Cucchi ,?
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? D.Balázs
Portugália/Portugal??? 92082???? 2800 ???????? 3.0???? 1500 ????? 50??????? 33 ???? 0.54?? 18???? J.A.Crispin
Romania/Rumania????? 257500?? 5000 ???????? 2.0??? 10500 ?? 1450??? 138??? 2.1???? 290 ?? C.Goran
Spanyolország/Spain? 504782?? 110000??? 21.8 ?? 20000?? 5000??? 250?? 0.18 ??? 45??? A.Eraso , J.Lario
Svájc/Switzerland?????? 41293???? 10000 ????? 24.5??? 4500 ????? 530???? 118??? 0.45 ?? 53??? T.Bitterli, R.Bernasconi
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? D.Balázs
Svédország/Sweden?? 449964???? 48702?????? 1.1??????? 220 ?????? 23???? 1045? 0.05 ???? 5???? G.Isacsson

EUROPAN KIVULI ORSZAGOK –OTHER COUNTRIES
Kina/China ???????????????? 9596961 ? 907000??? 9.5????? 2836 ???? 1392??? 491? 0.003? 1.5 ??? Yuan Daoxian
Indonézia / ???????????????? 2027087 ?? 160000?? 7.9?????? 500 ??????? 100#?? 200 ?? 0.003? 0.6??? S.Darsoprajitno ,
Indonesia ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? D.Balázs
Fulop-szigetek ?????????? 300000 ???? 26500???? 8.8 ????? 100#???????? 50#??? 500 ?? 0.004? 2.0???? D.Balázs
Philippines?
Dél-Korea ???????????????? 98500 ???????? 18622??? 18.9 ??? 131???????? 57 ????? 435?? 0.007? 3.1 ???? Kyung Sik Woo
Rep. Of Korea
Izrael/Israel ????????????? 20770 ????????? 8000 ????? 38.5???? 200 ??????? 50????? 250 ?? 0.025? 6.2???? A. Frumkin
Kanada/Canada??????? 9976139??? 900000 ??? 9.0?????? 500 ?????? 100??? 200? 0.0006? 0.1 ???? D.Ford
Mexiko/Mexico???? 1972547???? 292700 ?? 14.8???? 1200???? 700#?? 583?? 0.004??? 2.4???? J.G.Palacios Vargas
Dél -afrikai Koz-??? 1221037 ???? 210002??? 1.7 ?????? 260?????? 110 ??? 423?? 0.012??? 5. 3?? J.Martini
Tarsaság/Rep. Of South Africa???

??????????????????????????? 1 ????????????? 2 ???????? 3 ??????? 4 ???????? 5?????? 6 ?????? 7??????? 8 ????????????????? 9

# számitott vagy becsult adat ( estimated ) 1. fluviokarszttal egyutt ( with fluvio karst ) , 2. Nyilt és

fedett karszt egyutt ( bare and covered karst )